Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)
Lesson 13

Creating and Updating Group Policy Objects

By Sai Kurada
September 16, 2023
Creating and updating Group Policy Objects (GPOs) in Active Directory allows administrators to implement specific configurations and settings for users and computers within their network.
Creating a New GPO:

Open Group Policy Management:
  • Press Win + R, type gpmc.msc, and press Enter.
  • Or, search for "Group Policy Management" in the Start menu.
Navigate to the Desired Level:
  • Expand the forest and domain trees in the left-hand pane to locate the domain or organizational unit (OU) where you want to create the new GPO.
Create a New GPO:
  • Right-click on the domain or OU where you want to create the GPO.
  • Select Create a GPO in this domain, and Link it here....
Name the GPO:
  • Enter a descriptive name for the new GPO and click OK.

Updating an Existing GPO:

Open Group Policy Management:
  • If it's not already open, follow the steps from above to open the Group Policy Management console.
Locate the GPO to Update:
  • In the left-hand pane, navigate to the domain or OU containing the GPO you want to update.
Edit the GPO:
  • Right-click on the GPO you want to update and select Edit. This opens the Group Policy Management Editor.
Make Changes:
  • In the Group Policy Management Editor, you can make various changes to the settings within the GPO. This can include configuring user and computer policies, security settings, scripts, and more.
Save and Close:
  • Once you've made the necessary changes, close the Group Policy Management Editor. The changes are automatically saved.
Force Update:
  • To ensure that the updated GPO is applied immediately, you can use the gpupdate command on the client computers or use tools like Group Policy Management Console to force a refresh.

Best Practices for GPO Management:

Use Descriptive Names:
  • Give GPOs clear and descriptive names to make it easy for other administrators to understand their purpose.
Organize GPOs Hierarchically:
  • Use OUs to organize GPOs based on their function or target audience.
Test GPOs in a Controlled Environment:
  • Before deploying GPOs in a production environment, test them in a controlled test environment to ensure they behave as expected.
Document GPO Changes:
  • Keep detailed documentation of GPO changes, including what was changed, who made the change, and when.
Regularly Review and Update GPOs:
  • Periodically review and update GPOs to ensure they align with current organizational policies and requirements.

Remember to exercise caution when making changes to GPOs, especially in a production environment, as incorrect configurations can impact the functionality of systems and users. Always test changes in a controlled environment first.